Taman Kinabalu, seluas 75,370 hektar (753.7 km persegi) telah diwartakan sebagai sebuah Taman Negara pada tahun 1964. Kinabalu National Park also known as Taman Negara Gunung Kinabalu was established to be Malaysia's first ever national park. Gunung Kinabalu merupakan puncak tertinggi di Asia Tenggara dengan ketinggian mencapai 4,095 m dari aras laut. Hence the integrity of the National Park is secured through many legislative, regulatory and institutional protections and by means of individual management plans such as Management Plan for Taman Negara Kelantan, Taman Negara Terengganu: A Development and Management Plan, and Management Plan : Taman Negara Pahang. These terrestrial and aquatic biodiversity have been undergoing both the ecological and biological processes resulting in richness of plant and animal communities, species and genetic diversity which are very significant to both the country and its people. It is situated on the southern boundary of Kinabalu Park, at an elevation of 1,563 m (5,128 ft). The 754 square km Kinabalu Park situated in Sabah is the Malaysia’s first “World Heritage” designated by UNESCO in December 2000 for its role as one of the world’s most important biological sites. Among the ginger species such as Etligera littoralis, Zingiber spectabile and E. venusta and the latter is endemic to Peninsular Malaysia are also found. He also became the first recorded man to reach the peak of Mount Kinabalu. Reservations for accommodation and mountain climbing guides are processed through Sutera Sanctuary Lodges, a private company. Pokrývá plochu 754 čtverečních kilometrů a jeho dominantou je stejnojmenná hora.Od roku 2000 je součástí světového dědictví UNESCO. Both the Tembeling and Gagau Groups share similar rock sequence and geomorphological features with other Jurassic and Cretaceous red beds found in other parts of the world. The National Park of Peninsular Malaysia (Taman Negara), originally was gazetted as Gunung Tahan Game Reserve in 1925 and in 1939 it was declared as a National Park by the British Administrators under the name ‘King George V National Park’ under Enactment 1939, to commemorate the installation of King George V in England. Kinabalu Park, also known as Taman Kinabalu is located in Malaysia. Pertama, Taman Negara Kinabalu yang diwartakan sebagai Taman Negara pada tahun 1964. 4 natural and 1 cultural candidate – all added between 2014 and 2019 – feature on UNESCO”s equally brief Malaysia World Heritage tentative list. Taman Negara is one of the Important Bird Areas (IBA) in Malaysia. The level of protection is further enhanced by Wild Animals and Birds Protection Ordinance, No. Other noteworthy species include the endemic wild grapes (Pterisanthes glabra), and some rare species such as jewel orchid (Ludisia discolor), parasitic balanophores (Balanophora fungosa), Syzygium tekuensis, Pyrenaria pahangensis, Syzygium tahanensis, Adinandra angulata and the largest flower (Rafflesia cantleyi). In addition, more than 57 species of amphibians, 67 species of snakes including some uncommon species such as Blunthead Slug Snake (Aplopeltura boa), Malayan Slug Snake (Asthenodipsas malaccanus) Rainbow Tree Snake (Gonyphis margaritatus) Scarce Wolf Snake Mountain Wolf Snake (Lycodon butleri) Red Mountain keelback (Amphiesma sanguineum) Ashy Pit Viper (Trimeresurus puniceus). Taman Negara Photo: hasbvllah. - right: Taman Kinabalu, Sabah The postcard is pre-stamped with a stamp of Taman Negara Mulu, Sarawak .On the back of the card is also a map of Malaysia with the four sites shown on the card and the stamp. The National Park of Peninsular Malaysia (Taman Negara), originally was gazetted as Gunung Tahan Game Reserve in 1925 and in 1939 it was declared as a National Park by the British Administrators under the name ‘King George V National Park’ under Enactment 1939, to commemorate the installation of King George V in England. The above said World Heritage Site is both outstanding in its landscape and richness in biodiversity, namely the flora and fauna. Reviewed August 24, 2014 . Corner. It is also home to a multitude of endemic animal species, including the Kinabalu Giant Red Leech and Kinabalu Giant Earthworm. Property names are listed in the language in which they have been submitted by the State Party. However, these World Heritage Sites are of Outstanding Universal Values on their own. The National Park thus represents the largest lowland tropical rainforests and some ecosystems of submontane and montane with diverse flora and fauna and also the oldest National Park in Peninsular Malaysia, in which there is no natural site of high conservation value that has been enlisted under the World Heritage Site. It is situated at the bottom of Mount Kinabalu, literally, and anyone who wants to climb the mountain, can start his/her journey from there. c)    Internationally, it can be compared to a number of World Heritage Sites including Kaziranga National Park (India), Gondwana Rainforests of Australia (Australia), Phong Nha-Ke Bang (Vietnam), Wet Tropics of Queensland (Australia), Cocos Island National Park (Costa Rica) and Iguacu National Park (Brazil) in term of its biodiversity conservation of natural areas and wilderness. © UNESCO World Heritage Centre 1992-2021 Here is the full list of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Malaysia. Pengarah Biro Sains UNESCO Wilayah Asia dan Pasifik Dr Shahbaz Khan berkata rakyat di negara ini harus berasa bertuah kerana mempunyai banyak kawasan yang digazetkan sebagai Tapak Warisan Dunia iaitu Taman Negara Mulu, Warisan Arkeologi Lembah Lenggong dan Bandar Bersejarah Melaka serta George Town, selain Taman Negara Kinabalu. Publications World Heritage Review Series Resource Manuals World Heritage wall map More publications ... Funding World Heritage Fund International Assistance. Kinabalu Park (Malay: Taman Kinabalu), established as one of the first national parks of Malaysia in 1964, is Malaysia's first World Heritage Site designated by UNESCO in December 2000 for its "outstanding universal values" and the role as one of the most important biological sites in the world with more than 4,500 species of flora and fauna, including 326 bird and around 100 mammal species,[1] and over 110 land snail species.[2]. The Central and Eastern Belts are demarcated by the Lebir Fault. Gunung Mulu ini juga merupakan kawasan batu kapur yang mempunyai keluasan 52, 864 hektar dengan 3,500 spesis tumbuhan vaskular. Included are two solid candidates in Taman Negara (National Park) and Belum State Forest. Physical Ecosystem: The geological history of Peninsular Malaysia could be traced at The National Park where the processes of the landform formations had been crafted by nature. There are sealed roads leading towards the park headquarters from other parts of Sabah. Mount Kinabalu is one of the youngest non-volcanic mountains in the world. Select an option below to see step-by-step directions and to compare ticket prices and travel times in Rome2rio's travel planner. 2 of 1955 which became Akta Perlindungan Hidupan Liar 1972 (Wildlife Protection Act 1972) and later superceded by the Wildlife  Conservation Act 2010 [Act 716]. Siapa tidak terpukau dengan keindahan Gunung Kinabalu dan kawasan sekitarnya yang hijau dan damai. United Nations, Post-Conflict and Post-Disaster Responses, Astronomy and World Heritage Thematic Initiative, Human Evolution: Adaptations, Dispersals and Social Developments (HEADS), Initiative on Heritage of Astronomy, Science and Technology, Initiative on Heritage of Religious Interest, Natural World Heritage in the Congo Basin, Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape, Reducing Disasters Risks at World Heritage Properties, World Heritage and Sustainable Development, World Heritage and Sustainable Tourism Programme, World Heritage Centre’s Natural Heritage Strategy, World Heritage Earthen Architecture Programme (WHEAP). Mt Kinabalu . Recommended option. The mountain summit trail begins at Timpohon. Wilayah taman itu adalah 754 meter persegi. The Gunung Mulu World Heritage Site represents the lowland limestone hills and lowland mixed dipterocarp forests that host the largest limestone caves with a high diversity of lowland flora and fauna too. In 1967, more than 987,653 visitors and 43,430 climbers visited the Park. Additionally, it is the first UNESCO World Heritage Site in Malaysia. In Malaysia it is comparable to both the existing World Heritage Sites namely, Gunung Kinabalu World Heritage Site and Gunung Mulu World Heritage Site, but both are situated in the Bornean states of Malaysia, Sabah and Sarawak, respectively. Both types of landscapes represent the youth stage of danxia landscape formation. Description. Ruang dalamnya juga yang lebih dikenali sebagai ‘Sarawak Chambers’ juga dikatak… It was formed within the last 10 to 35 million years. Historically the three parts were enacted under the respective Malay states of Kelantan, (Taman Negara Enactment (Kelantan) 1938), Pahang (Taman Negara Enactment (Pahang) 1939) and Terengganu (Taman Negara Enactment (Terengganu) 1939), and hence came under the purview of the respective Sultans of the three states and the British High Commissioner. The sedimentary rocks consists of sandstones, shales and limestones, tectonically belonging to the Central and Eastern Belts of Peninsular Malaysia. The National Park was declared as ASEAN Heritage Park in the year 1984. These ridges were extended to the east through Gunung Penumpu and Gunung Gagau which consist of the Gagau Group. Taman Negara Kinabalu diiktiraf oleh UNESCO sebagai Tapak Warisan Negara dan ia merupakan yang pertama di Malaysia. Berikut adalah senarai Tapak Warisan Dunia UNESCO di bahagian Asia, Australia dan Oceania di Pasifik.Beberapa senarai dari negara-negara Eropah dan Arab diulangi juga di sini iaitu (Turki, Cyprus, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Georgia, dan Israel) selain bahagian Asia di Rusia.. Afghanistan (2) Menara dan Tingalan Arkeologi di Jam (2002); Lanskap Budaya dan Tinggalan Arkeologi di Lembah Bamyan (2003) Kinabalu Park is situated on the Crocker Range on the western coast of Sabah. The total area of the National Park is 434,351 ha or 4,343 km2 and straddles the three states, namely Pahang (2,477 km2 or 57%), Kelantan 1,043 km2 (24%) and Terengganu 853 km2 (19%). Since 1938/1939, it has been managed and administered by the then Colonial government and later by the Federal government of Malaysia and also by the respective state offices of PERHILITAN in Pahang, Kelantan and Terengganu. Mount Kinabalu, Sabah . Criterion (x): Since its protection in 1938/1939, the area represents the largest habitat for in-situ conservation of both the terrestrial and freshwater river biodiversity in the country. [3] The highest peak of the mountain was later named after him—Low's Peak. The cost to stay is considerably higher than at lodging just outside the park and includes a mandatory purchase of meals, etc. The inundated area has enriched the National Park with the aquatic life, especially the freshwater fishes, significantly. The park is not to be confused with Crocker Range National Park which is a separate park in the south. Taman Negara Kinabalu atau Taman Negara Gunung Kinabalu ditubuhkan pada tahun 1964, dan ia adalah salah satu taman negara pertama di Malaysia. In addition to that the quarternary alluvium are found in the south-western part especially in the main river valleys. British colonial administrator and naturalist Hugh Low led an expedition from Tuaran to the region in 1851. The Gunung Kinabalu World Heritage Site represents the wilderness of more than 1,500 m above sea level, hosting the highest mountain in South-east Asia and represents the submontane and montane ecosystems. Among the notable reptilian fauna are Speckle-bellied Keelback Snake (Rhabdophis chrysargus), Jasper Cat Snake (Boiga jaspidea), Green Crested Lizard (Bronchocela cristatella), East Indian Brown Mabuya (Eutropis multifasciata), Marbled Slender-toed Gecko (Cyrtodactylus quadrivirgatus), Impressed Tortoise (Manouria impressa),  Spiny Terrapin (Heosemys spinosa), Malayan Flat-shelled Turtle (Notochelys platynota), Asian Brown Tortoise (Manouria emys). The park headquarters is 88 kilometres away from the city of Kota Kinabalu. There are three main river systems that originated from The National Park, namely Sungai Lebir, Sungai Terengganu and Sungai Tembeling that flow through the states of Kelantan, Terengganu and Pahang, respectively. Administratively it was put under the Ministry of Natural Resources and the Environment and the administration and management came under the Department of Wildlife and National Parks, Peninsular Malaysia or PERHILITAN. Other notable endemic flora includes Ilex tahanensis, Cynanchum seimundii, the slender twining epiphyte (Hoya pusilla), Begonia longicaulis, B. rheifolia, B. reginula, B. Barbellata, Grewia laurifolia, Rhododendron seimundii, Henckelia atrosanguinea and H. floribunda (Gesneriaceae).Trees such as Diospyros tahanensis, Elaeocarpus floribundus, Ficus oreophila, Garcinia clusiifolia, Durio graveolens, Horsfieldia tomentosa are also endemic to Taman Negara. Oleh itu, Taman Negar a Kinabalu telah mendapat pengiktirafan UNESCO sebagai TWD pada tahun 2000 atas keunikan al … b)    Regionally, it is comparable to Ujong Kulon National Park, Java, Indonesia which was inscribed in 1991 representing the geological landscapes of prominence. The three World Heritage Sites of Malaysia are described like this on whc.unesco.org: The National Park of Peninsular Malaysia (Taman Negara), originally was gazetted as Gunung Tahan Game Reserve in 1925 and in 1939 it was declared as a National Park by the British Administrators under the name ‘King George V National Park’ under Enactment 1939, to commemorate the installation of King George V in England. The region was designated as a national park in 1964. The determinants of land snail diversity along a tropical elevational gradient: insularity, geometry, and niches. In addition, more than 46 species of relatives of cultivated fruit trees were also recorded. The core conservation area of the National Park has been protected under the provision of the Taman Negara Enactment (Kelantan) 1938, Taman Negara Enactment (Pahang) 1939 and Taman Negara Enactment (Terengganu) 1939. Gunung Mulu merupakan lokasi terawal di Malaysia yang diiktiraf sebagai Tapak Warisan Dunia oleh UNESCO pada tahun 2000. The National Park is considered as one of the oldest land mass in Peninsular Malaysia of more than 130 millions years old. It is also comparable to Dong Phayayen-Khao Yai Forest Complex, Thailand which is also rich in biodiversity and containing many endangered and vulnerable species of animals. As it contains many endemic plant and animal species and in particular many rare, vulnerable, endangered and threatened species of outstanding national, regional and universal value in term of science and conservation. In Malaysia as it was gazetted in 1938/1939. Kinabalu Park, in the State of Sabah on the northern end of the island of Borneo, is dominated by Mount Kinabalu (4,095 m), the highest mountain between the Himalayas and New Guinea. It is home to over 3,000 plants, 150 species of mammals, 53 species of fish, and 479 species of birds. One of the earth's last frontiers of wilderness, this is a natural paradise. The National Park of Peninsular Malaysia (Taman Negara), originally was gazetted as Gunung Tahan Game Reserve in 1925 and in 1939 it was declared as a National Park by the British Administrators under the name ‘King George V National Park’ under Enactment 1939, to commemorate the installation of King George V in England. A notable feature of the park is Low's Gully. The fern flora are well endowed with more than 246 species in 26 families such as Selaginella wildenowii, S. mirabilis, S. scabrida, S. selangoriensis, Lycopodium carolinianum, Asplenium nidus, Tectaria faurei, Hymenophyllum serrulatum, H. exsertum, Crypsinus enervis, C. stenophyllus,  Grammitis peninsularis, Dipteris conjugata, Osmunda vachelii, Coryphopteris tahanensis. Jewel orchid (Ludisia discolor), a climbing citrus relative (Luvunga crassifolia), Burkillanthus malaccensis, Hodgsonia macrocarpa and parasitic plants of Thismia arachnites. The smaller rivers that are found in The National Park are Sungai Atok, Sungai Relau, Sungai Sat, Sungai Kenyam, Sungai Periang, Sungai Redap, Sungai Riul, Sungai Sepia, Sungai Siak, Sungai Tahan, Sungai Teku, Sungai Lebir and Sungai Tekak. Criterion (ix): The National Park which is believed to have formed about 130 million years ago housed diverse terrestrial ecosystems which contain a vast number of floras and fauna many of which are endemic, rare, endangered, and vulnerable. Selain diistiharkan sebahagian taman negara yang pertama pada tahun 1964 ia juga dinobatkan sebagai satu lagi kawasan Warisan Dunia oleh UNESCO pada December 2000. The park is one of the most popular tourist spots in Sabah and Malaysia in general. The river valleys, main rivers and tributaries harbour many species of herpetofauna and freshwater fishes. Sutera is now requiring hikers to stay one night at their lodge near the entrance, in addition to a required stay at Laban Rata. Taman ini kemudiannya diubah nama kepada Taman Kinabalu pada tahun 1984. Kinabalu National Park or Taman Negara Kinabalu in Malay, established as one of the first national parks of Malaysia in 1964, is Malaysia's first World Heritage Site designated by UNESCO in December 2000 for its "outstanding universal values" and the role as one of the most important biological sites in the world. In the region there is a limited number of natural pristine areas of Outstanding Universal Value and some are also in the process of getting enlisted in the Tentative Lists. Among the unique species of higher plants found in the area are the endemic gymnosperms Agathis flavescens, Podocarpus deflexus, P. montana and Gnetum globosum and some pitcher plants species such as Nepenthes gracilima, N. macfarlanei, N. sanguinea. The Eastern part of The National Park belongs to The Eastern Belt which comprises of metamorphosed Carboniferous sedimentary rocks of Sungai Perlis Bed. 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