Professional teams include the Wichita Thunder ice hockey team and Wichita Force indoor football team. [44][46] A number of fast food franchises started in Wichita, beginning with White Castle in 1921 and followed by many more in the 1950s and 1960s including Pizza Hut in 1958. [147] Their 2020 debut was postponed by the COVID-19 pandemic. [130] This arena in the middle of Wichita opened in January 2010. [245], A 2014 study by Walk Score ranked Wichita 41st most walkable of fifty largest U.S. Riverside is northwest of downtown, across the Arkansas River, and surrounds the 120-acre (0.49 km2) Riverside Park. [159] The city manager is Robert Layton. East of downtown are the Museum of World Treasures and railroad-oriented Great Plains Transportation Museum. [233] Located in the western part of the city, Wichita Dwight D. Eisenhower National Airport is the city's primary airport as well as the largest airport in Kansas. [146] The city in post-apocalyptic form is also the setting of majority of the book trilogy, The Testing by Joelle Charbonneau. The award-winning stage play Hospitality Suite written by Roger Rueff takes place in Wichita as does its 1999 film adaptation, The Big Kahuna. Standard Wichita Sedgwick County Area Code 316. [83], Of the 151,818 households, 33.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.1% were married couples living together, 5.2% had a male householder with no wife present, 13.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.5% were non-families. In 1917, Clyde Cessna built his Cessna Comet in Wichita, the first aircraft built in the city. [26][27] Business opportunities attracted area hunters and traders, and a new settlement began to form. Texas ZIP code map and Texas ZIP code list. [101] Wichita was also named the most "Uniquely American" city by Newsmax magazine in a May 2009 piece written by Peter Greenberg. Wichita annexed Delano in 1880. [175] The Lutheran Church–Missouri Synod operates two Lutheran schools in the city, Bethany Lutheran School (Grades PK-5) and Holy Cross Lutheran School (PK-8). [234] Jabara Airport is a general aviation facility on the city's northeast side. Two early Swallow employees, Lloyd Stearman and Walter Beech, went on to found two prominent Wichita-based companies, Stearman Aircraft in 1926 and Beechcraft in 1932, respectively. [145] The city is also the setting of the long-running comic strip Dennis the Menace. Enclosed within east-central Wichita is Eastborough. 1. [citation needed] The Sedgwick County Zoo in the northwest part of Wichita is the most popular outdoor tourist attraction in the state of Kansas, and is home to more than 2,500 animals representing 500 different species. [14] By 1931, Boeing (of Seattle, Washington) had absorbed Stearman, creating "Boeing-Wichita", which would eventually grow to become Kansas' largest employer. [227] Several federal and state highways pass through the city. [69], The average temperature in the city is 56.9 °F (13.8 °C). The Wichita-Sedgwick County Historical Museum in downtown Wichita occupies the original Wichita city hall, built in 1892. K-42 enters the city from the southwest and terminates at its interchange with U.S. 54/U.S. [102] However, in its 2019 "Best Places to Live" survey, U. S. News & World Report, ranked Wichita at #79 out of 125 U.S. cities,[103] and noted that violent crime in Wichita had risen over the previous few years. [250] Actor Don Johnson, lead actor in the TV series Miami Vice and Nash Bridges, lived in Wichita for most of his childhood. [131], Located immediately east of downtown is Old Town, the city's entertainment district. Aircraft manufacturing has long dominated the local economy, and plays such an important role that it has the ability to influence the economic health of the entire region; the state offers tax breaks and other incentives to aircraft manufacturers. [247][248], The League of American Bicyclists added Wichita as one of 462 bicycle friendly communities to its Fall, 2017 list of Bicycle Friendly Communities, awarding it a bronze award.[249]. [156] Since 1917, it has had a council–manager form of government. The annual Wichita Black Arts Festival, held in the spring, celebrates the arts, crafts and creativity of Wichita's large African-American community. [65][66][67] Winters are cold and dry; since Wichita is roughly midway between Canada and the Gulf of Mexico, cold spells and warm spells are equally frequent. During World War II, the site hosted Wichita Army Airfield and Boeing Airplane Company Plant No. It became a destination for cattle drives traveling north from Texas to Kansas railroads, earning it the nickname "Cowtown".[12][13]. Wind speed in the city averages 13 mph (21 km/h). [18] Prior to European settlement of the region, the site was in the territory of the Kiowa. [160], The Wichita Police Department, established in 1871, is the city's law enforcement agency. [68] On average, January is the coldest month (and the driest), July the hottest, and June the wettest. [83], Wichita is the principal city of both the Wichita Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) and the Wichita-Winfield Combined Statistical Area (CSA). [141] Other films wholly or partially set in the city include Good Luck, Miss Wyckoff (1979),[142] Planes, Trains and Automobiles (1987),[143] The Ice Harvest (2005),[144] and Knight and Day (2010). To the south, from east to west, are Derby and Haysville. The city became an aircraft production hub known as "The Air Capital of the World. Wichita is the principal city of the Wichita metropolitan area which had an estimated population of 644,888 in 2018.. [240] UP's OKT Line runs generally north-south through the city; north of downtown, the line consists of trackage leased to BNSF. [29] As a result, Wichita became a railhead for the cattle drives, earning it the nickname "Cowtown". Wichita is home to oil & natural gas organizations Kansas Strong and Kansas Independent Oil & Gas Association (KIOGA), Koch Industries and Cargill, the two largest privately held companies in the United States,[97] both operate headquarters facilities in Wichita. [61][242] The Wichita Terminal Association, a joint operation between BNSF and UP, provides switching service on three miles (5 km) of track downtown. [162] The Wichita Fire Department, organized in 1886, operates 22 stations throughout the city. [61][233] Seven commercial airlines (Alaska, Allegiant, American, Delta, Frontier, Southwest & United) serve Wichita Dwight D. Eisenhower National Airport with non-stop flights to several U.S. airline hubs. [58] The area's topography is characterized by the broad alluvial plain of the Arkansas River valley and the moderately rolling slopes that rise to the higher lands on either side. The University of Kansas School of Medicine has one of its three campuses in Wichita. Wichita is home to several professional, semi-professional, non-professional, and collegiate sports teams. The Orpheum Theatre, a classic movie palace built in 1922, serves as a downtown venue for smaller shows. The project was completed in 1958. Semi-pro teams included the Kansas Cougars and Kansas Diamondbacks football teams. [167] Other agencies, including the Federal Bureau of Investigation,[168] Food and Drug Administration,[169] and Internal Revenue Service[170] among others, have offices around the city. View all zip codes in KS or use the free zip code lookup. [90][91] A survey of well-known Kansas-based brands conducted by RSM Marketing Services and the Wichita Consumer Research Center showed many of the top 25 Kansas-based brands such as Koch, Coleman, Cessna, Pizza Hut, Beechcraft, Freddy's and more are based in Wichita. In 1934, Stearman's Wichita facilities became part of Boeing which would become the city's largest employer. [157] The city council consists of seven members popularly elected every four years with staggered terms in office. Data sources include the United States Postal Service, U.S. Census Bureau, Yahoo, Google, FedEx, and UPS. [49] Tiller was later killed in Wichita by an extremist in 2009. These occasionally bring large hail as well as frequent lightning. With an economy that rivals the size of many of the nations in the world, you may find yourself relocating to Texas. Collegiate teams based in the city include the Wichita State University Shockers, Newman University Jets, and the Friends University Falcons. For more information, see. ), [https%3A%2F%2Fdigital.lib.ku.edu%2Fislandora%2Fobject%2Fku-phog%253A63131%2Fdatastream%2FOCR%2Fdownload&usg=AOvVaw01MsIj-14nU5xoLoO7K4I9 OCR extracts from various publications,] Google, retrieved February 20, 2020. [62], As the core of the Wichita metropolitan area, the city is surrounded by suburbs. Miner (Wichita State Univ. [156] The city manager is the city's chief executive, responsible for administering city operations and personnel, submitting the annual city budget, advising the city council, preparing the council's agenda, and oversight of non-departmental activities. Fairmount College, which eventually grew into Wichita State University, opened in 1886; Garfield University, which eventually became Friends University, opened in 1887. Towne East is home to four anchor stores, and has more than 100 tenants. The Friends Falcons compete in Region IV of the NAIA in football, volleyball, soccer, cross country, basketball, tennis, track and field, and golf. K-15, a north-south route, enters the city from the south and joins I-135 and U.S. 81 in south-central Wichita, running concurrently with them through the rest of the city. Adjacent to the city's east side is Andover. The opening line of that song is "Sunset falls on Wichita". Miner, Prof. Craig (Wichita State Univ. [165] The U.S. Air Force operates McConnell Air Force Base immediately southeast of the city. [134] The oldest mall, Wichita Mall, was for many years largely a dead mall, but has since been converted into office space. It is the principal city of the Wichita Falls Metropolitan Statistical Area, which encompasses all of Archer, Clay, and Wichita counties.According to the 2010 census, it had a population of 104,553, making it the 38th-most populous city in Texas. Harris, Richard, (Chairman, Kansas Aviation Centennial; Kansas Aviation History Speaker, Kansas Humanities Council; Amer. Larger museums began participating and staying open late on Final Fridays shortly after its beginning. WSU has more than 14,000 students and is the third-largest university in Kansas. [115] In 2011, the festival was moved from May to June because of rain during previous festivals. Other old west figures lived in Wichita for a while: James Earp, Cassius M. Hollister, Bat Masterson, Ed Masterson, James Masterson. : war housing in Wichita,", Kansas History: A Journal of the Central Plains, A revitalization plan for the Hilltop Neighborhood: 60 years of community in southeast Wichita, "Race and Ethnicity in the United States - Statistical Atlas", "Metro Area Populations as of July 2011: 2011 - United States -- Metropolitan Statistical Area", "Annual Estimates of the Population of Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013", "Population and Housing Occupancy Status: 2010 - United States -- Combined Statistical Area", "Population and Housing Occupancy Status: 2010 - State -- County / County Equivalent", https://consumerist.com/2015/07/14/the-white-castle-story-the-birth-of-fast-food-the-burger-revolution/, "Slideshow: See the best-known brands in Kansas", "Hawker Beechcraft secures $40 million incentive package to remain in Wichita", "Wichita's Wesley Children's Hospital Officially Opens", "2008 MSN Real Estate best bargain markets", "Newsmax Magazine Rates the Top 25 Most Uniquely American Cities And Towns", "State Rankings on Overall Child Well-Being", General Aviation Manufacturers Association, GAMA Statistical Databook & Industry Outlook 2010, "Boeing to close Wichita Facility by end of 2013", Who knew Wichita was such a talent pipeline to Broadway? In 1920, two local oilmen invited Chicago aircraft builder Emil "Matty" Laird to manufacture his designs in Wichita, leading to the formation of the Swallow Airplane Company. As a result, Wichita's bikeways covered 115 miles of the city by 2018. [230][231] The Greyhound bus station that was built in 1961 at 312 S Broadway closed in 2016, and services relocated 1 block northeast to the Wichita Transit station at 777 E Waterman. In 1936, the Wichita post office contained two oil-on-canvas murals, Kansas Farming, painted by Richard Haines and Pioneer in Kansas by Ward Lockwood. (aviation engineering executive) & Prof. Craig. [191] The library operates several free programs for the public, including special events, technology training classes, and programs specifically for adults, children, and families. The city has been a setting of various works of fiction. Links will be updated year-round as new data are posted, and new sources will be added as we discover them. [57], The city lies on the Arkansas River near the western edge of the Flint Hills in the Wellington-McPherson Lowlands region of the Great Plains. [27][30][51] Intrust Bank Arena opened downtown in 2010. [74] upscale College Hill is east of downtown, south of Wichita State University. [15][106], Today, Cessna Aircraft Co. (the world's highest-volume airplane manufacturer) and Beechcraft remain based in Wichita having merged into Textron Aviation in 2014, along with Learjet and Boeing's chief subassembly supplier, Spirit AeroSystems. [61], Wichita has not had passenger rail service since 1979. In 1944 the city flooded 3 times in 11 days. [56] Part of the Midwestern United States, it is 157 mi (253 km) north of Oklahoma City, 181 mi (291 km) southwest of Kansas City, and 439 mi (707 km) east-southeast of Denver. Botanica, The Wichita Gardens, also along the Arkansas River, has 24 themed gardens including the Butterfly Garden and the award-winning Sally Stone Sensory Garden. 67205. In addition, there is an Islamic school, Anoor School (PK-8), operated by the Islamic Society of Wichita. [118][119][120][121][122][123], The Tallgrass Film Festival has been held in downtown Wichita since 2003. [176][177] There are also two Seventh-day Adventist schools in Wichita, Three Angels School (K-8) and Wichita Adventist Christian Academy (K-10). [98], As of 2013, 68.2% of the population over the age of 16 was in the labor force. [92], Wichita's principal industrial sector is manufacturing, which accounted for 21.6 percent of area employment in 2003. View all zip codes in TX or use the free zip code lookup. Several lie along the Arkansas River west of downtown, including the Exploration Place science and discovery center, the Mid-America All-Indian Center, the Old Cowtown living history museum, and The Keeper of the Plains statue and its associated display highlighting the daily lives of Plains Indians. [25][28] The Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway reached the city in 1872. A. A Juneteenth event and parade also are common annual events. [243] In addition, two lines of the Kansas and Oklahoma Railroad enter the city, one from the northwest and the other from the southwest, both terminating at their junction in west-central Wichita. [139][140] The short-lived 1959–1960 television western Wichita Town was set during the city's early years. For the purposes of representation in the Kansas Legislature, the city is in the 16th and 25th through 32nd districts of the Kansas Senate and the 81st, 83rd through 101st, 103rd, and 105th districts of the Kansas House of Representatives. [173], There are more than 35 private and parochial schools in Wichita. [172] Outlying portions of Wichita lie within suburban public unified school districts including Andover USD 385, Circle USD 375, Derby USD 260, Goddard USD 265, Haysville USD 261, Maize USD 266, and Valley Center USD 262. 400 in the eastern part of the city. The population density was 2,304.8 per square mile (889.9/km2). These galleries started the Final Friday Gallery crawl event, where visitors tour attractions free in the evening on the last Friday of each month. [150][151] Non-professional teams included the Wichita Barbarians rugby union team and the Wichita World 11 cricket team.[152][153]. [94] In 2007, Wichita built 977 aircraft, ranging from single-engine light aircraft to the world's fastest civilian jet; one-fifth of the civilian aircraft produced in United States that year, plus numerous small military aircraft. It hosts several universities, large museums, theaters, parks, shopping centers, and entertainment venues, most notably Intrust Bank Arena and Century II Performing Arts & Convention Center. [184][185], Several colleges and universities based outside Wichita operate satellite locations in and around the city. [44] The Dockum Drug Store sit-in took place in the city in 1958 with protesters pushing for desegregation. Murals were produced from 1934 to 1943 in the United States through the Section of Painting and Sculpture, later called the Section of Fine Arts, of the Treasury Department. [196] These include: The Community Voice, a weekly African American community newspaper;[197] El Perico, a monthly Hispanic community newspaper;[198][199] The Liberty Press, monthly LGBT news;[200] Splurge!, a monthly local fashion and lifestyle magazine;[201] The Sunflower, the Wichita State University student newspaper. Bus service is provided daily north towards Salina and west towards Pueblo, Colorado by BeeLine Express (subcontractor of Greyhound Lines). Wichita's former Congressman, Motion Picture Association President Dan Glickman, has served as Honorary Chair of the event, and some of the filmmakers have attended and visited with the audiences. Our innovative technology includes the POLYGON™ search tool that allows users to define their own search areas on a map and a Plan Commute feature that helps users search for rentals in … [68] Annual snowfall averages 15.6 inches (40 cm). Wichita is also home to two sports museums, the Kansas Sports Hall of Fame and the Wichita Sports Hall of Fame and Museum. [163], As the county seat, Wichita is the administrative center of Sedgwick County. Defunct professional teams which used to play in Wichita include the Wichita Aeros and Wichita Wranglers baseball teams, the Wichita Wings indoor soccer team, the Wichita Wind (farm team to the Edmonton Oilers National Hockey League team in the early 1980s) and the Wichita Wild indoor football team. [6] Wichita is the principal city of the Wichita metropolitan area which had an estimated population of 644,888 in 2018. 0.6% was in the armed forces, and 67.6% was in the civilian labor force with 61.2% employed and 6.4% unemployed. 31.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. Wichita (/ ˈ w ɪ tʃ ɪ t ɔː / WITCH-i-taw) is the largest city in the U.S. state of Kansas and the county seat of Sedgwick County.As of 2019, the estimated population of the city was 389,938. Bonner Springs, Basehor, Bonner Sprngs, Lake Of The Fore... Mission, Overland Park, Shawnee Mission, Shawnee ... Mission, Countryside, Merriam, Overland Park, Pra... Shawnee, Merriam, Overland Park, Shawnee Mission,... Overland Park, Merriam, Prairie Village, Prairie Vlg, S... Mission, Fairway, Mission Woods, Roeland Park, Sh... Leawood, Overland Park, Prairie Village, Prairie ... Overland Park, Prairie Village, Prairie Vlg, Shawnee Mi... Prairie Village, Mission Hills, Prairie Vlg, Shawnee Miss... Leawood, Overland Park, Shawnee Mission, Shawnee ... Overland Park, Lenexa, Shawnee Mission, Shawnee Msn, Overland Park, Shawnee Mission, Shawnee Msn. Both its northern and southern termini are interchanges with I-135. [61][241] An additional UP line enters the city from the northeast and terminates downtown. Our innovative technology includes the POLYGON™ search tool that allows users to define their own search areas on a map and a Plan Commute feature that helps users search for rentals in … [19], Claimed first by France as part of Louisiana and later acquired by the United States with the Louisiana Purchase in 1803, it became part of Kansas Territory in 1854 and then the state of Kansas in 1861. Flooding that year kept the Big Ditch full for more than a month and caused $6 million of damage to the flood control infrastructure. Campbell Castle in Wichita's Riverside neighborhood (2013), Century II Performing Arts & Convention Center (2013), The Commerce Street Arts District in downtown Wichita (2008), Charles Koch Arena at Wichita State University, is home to the Wichita State Shockers (2010), Davis Building at Friends University (2006), Eck Stadium at Wichita State University (2005), Edwin A. Ulrich Museum of Art at Wichita State University (2007), The Epic Center, the tallest building in Wichita (2006), Locomotives on display at the Great Plains Transportation Museum (2007), The John Mack Bridge over the Arkansas River in south Wichita (2013), Kansas Aviation Museum, formerly Wichita Municipal Airport from 1935 to 1951 (2007), The Robert J. Dole Veterans Affairs Medical Center (2013), The Sedgwick County Soldiers and Sailors Monument (2013), The Downing Gorilla Forest at the Sedgwick County Zoo (2013), City and county seat in Kansas, United States, 67201-67221, 67223, 67226-67228, 67230, 67232, 67235, 67260, 67275-67278. Media as an affordable and pleasant place to live original Pizza Hut Museum is also home to several,. City also has a number of parks and recreational areas such as II... Performing arts groups a global natural-resources conglomerate in honor of the city 's major daily newspaper Eagle which... 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