They settled near a Mandan village, where Captains Meriwether Lewis and William Clark built Fort Mandan for wintering over in 1804–05. They used Sacagawea to interpret and discovered that the tribe's chief, Cameahwait, was her brother. [52], Sacagawea was an important member of the Lewis and Clark Expedition. Shoshone guide and interpreter who accompanied (1805–1806) the Lewis and Clark expedition. But, while the journals show that she was friendly with Clark and would often do favors for him, the idea of a romantic liaison was created by novelists who wrote much later about the expedition. [6], At about age 13, she was sold into a non-consensual marriage to Toussaint Charbonneau, a Quebecois trapper about two decades earlier who lived in the Hidatsa village. Information and translations of sacajawea in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. Sacagawea originates in Native American languages and means "dragging the boat". The spelling authorized for the use of federal agencies by the United States Geographic Board is Sacagawea. [4], In 1959, Sacagawea was inducted into the Hall of Great Westerners of the National Cowboy & Western Heritage Museum. [53] In 2003, she was inducted into the National Women's Hall of Fame.[3]. Sacagawea (c. 1788 – c. December 20, 1812; was a Lemhi Shoshone woman, who went along with the Lewis and Clark Expedition as an interpreter and guide. This spelling is an attempt to standardize the eight different ways her name is spelled in the Lewis and Clark Journals. In January, when a whale's carcass washed up onto the beach south of Fort Clatsop, Sacagawea insisted on her right to go see this "monstrous fish.". ! The name of Sacagawea gives you a very idealistic nature. Idaho native John Rees explored the 'boat launcher' etymology in a long letter to the U.S. Commissioner of Indian Affairs written in the 1920s. The other spelling, Sacagawea, comes from the Hidatsa, her adopted tribe, and means “Bird Woman,” the meaning Lewis and Clark mention in the journals. Fun Facts about the name Sacagawea. How unique is the name Sacagawea? Knowing they would need the help of Shoshone tribes who lived at the headwaters of the Missouri, they agreed to hire Toussaint Charbonneau after learning that his wife, Sacagawea, spoke Shoshone. Eventually, she returned to the Lemhi Shoshone at the Wind River Reservation, where she was recorded as "Bazil's mother. a 1787?-1812? [54], This article is about the Native American woman. All of the derivations include a hard "g" in the third syllable. Sacagawea was an important member of the Lewis and Clark Expedition. "Sacajawea legend may not be correct. It can be pronounced sack-uh-guh-wee-a or can be called Sakakawea and also called Sacajawea. Clark and other European-Americans nicknamed the boy "Little Pomp" or "Pompy.". According to Bonnie "Spirit Wind-Walker" Butterfield (2010), historical documents suggest that Sacagawea died in 1812 of an unknown sickness. Sacagawea is a name that's been used primarily by parents who are considering baby names for girls. …The Intertrepeter [sic] & Squar who were before me at Some distance danced for the joyful Sight, and She made signs to me that they were her nation…. The spelling Sacagawea was established in 1910 by the Bureau of American Ethnology as the proper usage in government documents. Linguists working on Hidatsa since the 1870s have always considered the name's Hidatsa etymology essentially indisputable. Born circa 1788 (some sources say 1786 and 1787) in Lemhi County, Idaho. Depending on which language is used the spelling and meaning of her name will vary, its spelling also follows geographical areas. Shoshone], died of putrid fever. The trip was so hard that they were reduced to eating tallow candles to survive. She left a fine infant girl. Sacagawea was an interpreter and guide for Meriwether Lewis and William Clark’s expedition westward from the Mississippi River to the Pacific Coast. How many people with the first name Sacajawea have been born in the United States? Clark nicknamed her "Janey. Sacajawea as a girl's name is a variant of Sacagawea and is of Shoshoni origin. More info about the name "Sacagawea" Sacagawea originates in Native American languages and means "dragging the boat". See more. ", "[The Lewis and Clark Expedition] merited less than a single paragraph in John Clark Ridpath's 691-page, National American Woman Suffrage Association, The Conquest: The True Story of Lewis and Clark, Night at the Museum 2: Battle of the Smithsonian, National Cowboy & Western Heritage Museum, National Historic Trail Interpretive Center, Indigenous peoples of the Americas portal, Sacagawea / Sacajawea / Sakakawea | Women of the Hall, Center for Digital Research in the Humanities, "The Sacagawea Mystique: Her Age, Name, Role and Final Destiny", "Wyoming History Day Student Resources Skill-Building for Letter Writing", The Independent and Feminine Life: Grace Raymond Hebard, 1861–1936, "Reading Lewis and Clark – Thomasma, Clark, and Edmonds", "Willows Theatre Company Announces Summer Festival", "Alessandra Celetti: "Sketches of Sacagawea" (2010, Al-Kemi Lab)", "Sacajawea Interpretive, Cultural, and Educational Center", Biography and Photo of the Statue of Sacagawea, "Charlottesville votes to remove another statue, and more controversy follows", "Sculpture of Sacagawea and Jean Baptiste", Lewis and Clark Expedition Maps and Receipt, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sacagawea&oldid=999161278, Indigenous people of the Pacific Northwest, Articles with dead external links from May 2020, Wikipedia pages semi-protected against vandalism, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from May 2015, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, December 20, 1812 (aged 24) or April 9, 1884 (aged 95), The Sacajawea Interpretive, Cultural, and Educational Center is a 71-acre (290,000 m. Cody, Wyoming — by Richard V. Greeves (2005): Bronze, 72 inches, the sculpture is in the Robbie Powwow Garden at the Buffalo Bill Historical Center. The portrait design is unusual, as the copyrights have been assigned to and are owned by the U.S. Mint. person 2- Shut the hell up you stupid sacajewea! This spelling is widely used throughout North Dakota (where she is considered a state heroine), notably in the naming of Lake Sakakawea, the extensive reservoir of Garrison Dam on the Missouri River. Sacagawea (or, sometimes, Sakakawea or Sacajawea) was a Lemhi Shoshone woman who was instrumental to the Lewis and Clark Expedition across what is now the western part of the USA. She was held captive at a Hidatsa village near present-day Washburn, North Dakota. Bill Clinton granted her a posthumous decoration as an honorary sergeant in the regular army. Later, this was chosen as the optimal route for the Northern Pacific Railway to cross the continental divide. 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